Chelsea Handler

Chelsea Joy Handler (* 25. Februar 1975 in Livingston, New Jersey) ist eine US-amerikanische Komikerin, Schauspielerin, Autorin und Produzentin.

Nach Anfängen als Stand-up Comedian in den späten 1990er Jahren wurde Chelsea Handler ab 2004 durch Auftritte in Shows wie Girls Behaving Badly und The Bernie Mac Show einem größeren Fernsehpublikum bekannt. Daneben wirkte sie in dieser Zeit als Kommentatorin in Formaten wie 101 Craziest TV Moments mit. Im Jahr 2006 wurden zwei Staffeln der Sketch-Show The Chelsea Handler Show bei E! Entertainment Television ausgestrahlt, in dieser Zeit war sie auch Korrespondentin der Tonight Show. Sie moderierte die MTV Video Music Awards 2010 als erste Frau seit 16 Jahren in der Geschichte der Preisverleihung. Von 2007 bis 2014 moderierte Handler ihre eigene Late-Night-Show Chelsea Lately bei E! Entertainment Television. Ebenfalls bei E! lief von 2011 bis 2013 die von Handler mitentwickelte und produzierte Mockumentary After Lately rund um das Geschehen bei Chelsea Lately.

Chelsea Handler veröffentlichte bisher fünf Bücher, vier davon erreichten Platz 1 der Bestsellerliste der New York Times.

Am 11. Januar 2012 lief die erste Episode der Sitcom Are You There, Chelsea? bei NBC an. Der Titel und einige Charaktere der Sitcom waren in Anlehnung an ihr zweites Buch Are You There, Vodka? It’s Me, Chelsea entstanden. Sie spielte darin die ältere Schwester der Hauptfigur Chelsea Newman, dargestellt von Laura Prepon. Sie war außerdem als Produzentin an der Sitcom beteiligt. Am 11. Mai 2012 gab NBC bekannt, dass die Sitcom abgesetzt wurde.

Seit dem 11. Mai 2016 streamt Chelsea Handler ihre neue Talkshow Chelsea dreimal wöchentlich (Mittwochs, Donnerstags, Freitags) auf der Streamingplattform Netflix. Geplant sind derzeit 90 halbstündige Episoden. Für den Streaminganbieter Netflix ist es die erste Talkshow seit dem Angebot von Video-on-Demand im Jahre 2007.

Franco Cardini

Franco Cardini (* 5. August 1940 in Florenz) ist ein italienischer Historiker und Professor für Mittelalterliche Geschichte an der Universität Florenz.

Nach dem Studium der Geschichte an den Universitäten von Florenz, Poitiers und Moskau arbeitete und lehrte er in Paris, Göttingen, Wien, Madrid, Boston, Turku, São Paulo, Jerusalem, Damaskus und Bari, bevor er 1989 seinen Lehrstuhl in Florenz übernahm.

Neben seinen wissenschaftlichen Studien trat er durch eine Vielzahl von Veröffentlichungen zur Geschichte des Mittelalters, Jerusalems und der Kreuzzüge, insbesondere zum Verhältnis zwischen Christenheit und Islam hervor. Des Weiteren arbeitete er auf dem Gebiet der Erforschung der mittelalterlichen Alltagskultur der Toskana.

Im Laufe der Jahre schrieb er für Zeitungen wie Il Giornale, Il Tempo, Storia Illustrata, und Panorama. Darüber hinaus publizierte er diverse historische Romane, die im Milieu der Kreuzzüge spielen und saß zwischen 1994 und 1996 im Verwaltungsrat der RAI.

Men (Kendō)

Der (auch das) Men [men] (jap., 面) ist beim Kendō die Bezeichnung eines Schlags zum Kopf des Gegners, der Name der entsprechenden Trefferfläche und auch der Maske, die zu ihrem Schutz getragen wird.

Der Men stellt die wohl wichtigste Trefferfläche im Kendo dar. Auf den Men sind drei unterschiedliche Hiebe möglich: Erstens der gerade Schlag auf den Scheitel (shomen, 正面), zweitens und drittens der seitliche Schlag auf den Scheitel (sayumen, 左右面) links oder rechts (hidari, 左 bzw. migi, 右). Der einzige Stich im Kendo, der Tsuki, wird zwar auch auf einen unter dem Kinn des Men-Kopfschutzes angebrachten Kehlkopfschutz ausgeführt, zählt aber als eine eigene Trefferfläche. Im Sinne eines Kopfschutzes ist der Men Bestandteil der Rüstung (Bōgu, 防具) und wird aus Baumwollmaterial gefertigt. Das Gesichtsgitter (Mengane) besteht typischerweise aus einer Aluminium- oder Titanlegierung. Je nach Ausführung können empfindliche Stellen des Men mit Leder überzogen sein, um die Lebensdauer zu erhöhen. Gehalten wird der Men von den Men-Bändern (Men-Himo), die am Gesichtsgitter befestigt werden. Zur Polsterung und zur Schweißaufnahme wird unter dem Men ein Tuch aus Baumwolle getragen, das Tenugui (auch Hachimaki).

Maktab

Maktab (Arabic: مكتب‎‎) or Maktabeh (Arabic: مكتبة‎‎) or Maktabkhaneh (Persian: مکتبخانه‎‎) (other transliterations include makteb, mekteb, mektep, meqteb, maqtab), also called a Kuttab (Arabic: الكتَّاب‎‎ Kottāb ) “school” is an Arabic word meaning elementary schools. Though it was primarily used for teaching children in reading, writing, grammar and Islamic studies such as Qira’at (Quranic recitation), other practical and theoretical subjects were also often taught. Until the 20th century, maktabs were the only means of mass education in much of the Islamic world.

Maktab refers to only elementary schools in Arabic. Maktab is used in Dari Persian in Afghanistan as an equivalent term to school, including both primary and secondary schools. Avicenna used the word maktab in the same sense.

Maktabs or kuttābs are an old-fashioned method of education in Egypt and Muslim majority countries, in which a sheikh teaches a group of students who sit in front of him on the ground. The curriculum includes Islam and Quranic Arabic, but focused mainly on memorising the Quran. With the development of modern schools, the number of kuttabs has declined. Kuttāb means „writers“, plural katatīb / katātīb.

In common Modern Arabic usage, maktab means „office“ while maktabah means „library“ or „(place of) study“ and kuttāb is a plural word meaning „books“.

In the medieval Islamic world, an elementary school was known as a maktab, which dates back to at least the 10th century. Like madrasahs (which referred to higher education), a maktab was often attached to a mosque. In the 16th century, the Sunni Islamic jurist Ibn Hajar al-Haytami discussed Maktab schools. In response to a petition from a retired Shia Islamic judge who ran a Madhab elementary school for orphans, al-Haytami issues a fatwa outlining a structure of maktab education that prevented any physical or economic exploitation of enrolled orphans.

In the 11th century, the famous Persian Islamic philosopher and teacher, Ibn Sina (known as Avicenna in the West), in one of his books, wrote a chapter dealing with the maktab entitled „The Role of the Teacher in the Training and Upbringing of Children“, as a guide to teachers working at maktab schools. He wrote that children can learn better if taught in classes instead of individual tuition from private tutors, and he gave a number of reasons for why this is the case, citing the value of competition and emulation among pupils as well as the usefulness of group discussions and debates. Ibn Sina described the curriculum of a maktab school in some detail, describing the curricula for two stages of education in a maktab school.

Ibn Sina wrote that children should be sent to a maktab school from the age of 6 and be taught primary education until they reach the age of 14. During which time, he wrote that they should be taught the Qur’an, Islamic metaphysics, language, literature, Islamic ethics, and manual skills (which could refer to a variety of practical skills).

Ibn Sina refers to the secondary education stage of maktab schooling as the period of specialization, when pupils should begin to acquire manual skills, regardless of their social status. He writes that children after the age of 14 should be given a choice to choose and specialize in subjects they have an interest in, whether it was reading, manual skills, literature, preaching, medicine, geometry, trade and commerce, craftsmanship, or any other subject or profession they would be interested in pursuing for a future career. He wrote that this was a transitional stage and that there needs to be flexibility regarding the age in which pupils graduate, as the student’s emotional development and chosen subjects need to be taken into account.

In medieval times, the Caliphate experienced a growth in literacy, having the highest literacy rate of the Middle Ages, comparable to classical Athens‘ literacy in antiquity. The emergence of the Maktab and Madrasah institutions played a fundamental role in the relatively high literacy rates of the medieval Islamic world.

Ringkollen

Ringkollen er et populært hytte- og friluftsområde som ligger på Krokskogen og tilhører Ringerike kommune. Området har sitt navn fra toppen på 702 moh. (5. høyest i Nordmarka, primærfaktor 175 m), som nå gjerne kalles Ringkolltoppen. I alminnelig tale regner man det omkringliggende området fra Jaklefoss og inn til Øyangen som Ringkollen. Med bil er det adkomst til Ringkollen via bomvei. Vinterstid blir det også satt opp rutebuss dit fra Hønefoss.

Ringkollen er populært både sommer og vinter. Sentralt ligger en stor parkeringsplass og like i nærheten Ringkollstua, et hoppanlegg (k5, 10, 17, 27 og 40), et lite alpinanlegg og et lite sportskapell. Om vinteren er Ringkollen et populært utgangspunkt for skiturer inn i Nordmarka. Om sommeren er det et populært utgangspunkt for fotturer og sykkelturer i det samme området. Mange av småvannene har dessuten populære bade- og fiskeplasser. Siden Ringkollen ligger forholdsvis høyt, har området stabile snøforhold om vinteren, og man kan ofte stå på ski til i slutten av april måned.

Daniel Varoujan

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Daniel Tcheboukkyarian dit Varoujan (en arménien Դանիէլ Վարուժան), né en 1884 et mort en 1915, est un écrivain arménien.

Né le à Perknig dans l’Empire ottoman, à quelques kilomètres de Sivas, Daniel Varoujan a étudié à partir de 1906, la philosophie et les lettres ainsi que les sciences politiques et sociales à l’université de Gand en Belgique. Une plaque commémorative est érigée le 9 février 1958 dans le hall de la bibliothèque de l’université de Gand. Il est retourné ensuite dans son village natal en tant qu’instituteur.

Il a fondé en 1914 le groupe littéraire Mehian (Temple) visant à la renaissance de l’esprit arménien, pré-chrétien et païen.

Le , il est assassiné près de Constantinople par des représentants du gouvernement ottoman, dans le cadre du génocide arménien.

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CJC-1295

CJC-1295, also known as DAC:GRF (short for drug affinity complex:growth hormone-releasing factor), is a synthetic analogue of growth hormone-releasing hormone (GHRH) (also known as growth hormone-releasing factor (GRF)) and a growth hormone secretagogue (GHS) which was developed by ConjuChem Biotechnologies. It is a modified form of GHRH (1-29) with improved pharmacokinetics, especially in regards to half-life.

CJC-1295 markedly increases plasma growth hormone (GH) and insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1) levels in both animals and humans. With a single injection, in human subjects, CJC-1295 increases plasma GH levels by 2- to 10-fold for 6 days or longer and plasma IGF-1 levels by 1.5- to 3-fold for 9 to 11 days. The drug has an estimated half-life of about 6 to 8 days in humans. With multiple doses of CJC-1295, IGF-1 levels were found to remain elevated in humans for up to 28 days.

CJC-1295 has been shown to extend the half-life and bioavailability of growth-hormone-releasing hormone 1-29 and stimulate insulin-like growth factor 1 secretion. It increases the half-life of acting agents by bioconjugation.

CJC-1295 was under investigation for the treatment of lipodystrophy and growth hormone deficiency and reached phase II clinical trials but was discontinued upon the death of one of the trial subjects. The attending physician of the trial believed that the most likely explanation for the incident was that the patient had asymptomatic coronary artery disease with plaque rupture and occlusion, and that the occurrence was unrelated to treatment with CJC-1295. In any case, research was terminated nonetheless as a precaution. CJC-1295 has found black market use for bodybuilding purposes, with this, in some countries such as the Netherlands, being an illicit use.

UB44

UB44 is the third album by UB40, released on the DEP International label in 1982. The album reached No. 4 in the UK album chart and the early release of the packaging had a hologram cover. UB44 was the Department of Employment form letter sent to British unemployment benefit claimants when they missed their ’signing on‘ appointment.

This album was effectively the last one in their early musical style, again mixing heavy, doom-laden reggae soundscapes with politically and socially conscious lyrics. In particular, „I Won’t Close My Eyes“ and „Love is All Right“ use reverb, echoes, and stereo positioning for a shimmering, three dimensional feel indicated by the 3D cover. Droning rhythms- the 4th dimension of time- induce a trance, evoking reggae’s substance behind the muse. „Love is All Right“ is a slow number with close sounding, harmonised vocals. Sax and trumpet echo in a huge hall, sounding like some Caribbean band of long ago. A funky, effected, simple guitar twang adds to the old and new feel. The lyrics challenge the listener that „a little more hate“ may be needed in polarised racial and class conflicts.

Lee Morgan

Edward Lee Morgan (July 10, 1938 – February 19, 1972) was an American hard bop trumpeter.

Edward Lee Morgan was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, on July 10, 1938, the youngest of Otto Ricardo and Nettie Beatrice Morgan’s four children. A leading trumpeter and composer, he recorded prolifically from 1956 until a day before his death in February 1972. Originally interested in the vibraphone, he soon showed a growing enthusiasm for the trumpet. Morgan also knew how to play the alto saxophone. On his thirteenth birthday, his sister Ernestine gave him his first trumpet. His primary stylistic influence was Clifford Brown, with whom he took a few lessons as a teenager. He joined the Dizzy Gillespie Big Band at 18, and remained as a member for a year and a half, until economic circumstances forced Dizzy to disband the unit in 1958. He began recording for Blue Note Records in 1956, eventually recording 25 albums as a leader for the company, with more than 250 musicians. He also recorded on the Vee-Jay label and one album for Riverside Records on its short-lived Jazzland subsidiary.

He was a featured sideman on several early Hank Mobley records, as well as on John Coltrane’s Blue Train (1957), on which he played a trumpet with an angled bell (given to him by Gillespie) and delivered one of his most celebrated solos on the title track.

Joining Art Blakey’s Jazz Messengers in 1958 further developed his talent as a soloist and composer. He toured with Blakey for a few years, and was featured on numerous albums by the Messengers, including Moanin‘, which is one of the band’s best-known recordings. When Benny Golson left the Jazz Messengers, Morgan persuaded Blakey to hire Wayne Shorter, a young tenor saxophonist, to fill the chair. This version of the Jazz Messengers, including pianist Bobby Timmons and bassist Jymie Merritt, recorded the classic The Freedom Rider album. The drug problems of Morgan and Timmons forced them to leave the band in 1961, and the trumpeter returned to Philadelphia, his hometown. According to Tom Perchard, a Morgan biographer, it was Blakey who introduced the trumpeter to heroin, which impeded his progression in his career.

On returning to New York in 1963, he recorded The Sidewinder (1963), which became his greatest commercial success. The title track cracked the pop charts in 1964, and served as the background theme for Chrysler television commercials during the World Series. The tune was used without Morgan’s or Blue Note’s consent, and intercession by the label’s lawyers led to the commercial being withdrawn.[citation needed] Due to the crossover success of „The Sidewinder“ in a rapidly changing pop music market, Blue Note encouraged its other artists to emulate the tune’s „boogaloo“ beat. Morgan himself repeated the formula several times with compositions such as „Cornbread“ (from the eponymous album Cornbread) and „Yes I Can, No You Can’t“ on The Gigolo. According to drummer Billy Hart, Morgan said he had recorded „The Sidewinder“ as filler for the album, and was bemused that it had turned into his biggest hit. He felt that his playing was much more advanced on Grachan Moncur III’s essentially avant-garde Evolution album, recorded a month earlier, on November 21, 1963.

After this commercial success, Morgan continued to record prolifically, producing such works as Search for the New Land (1964), which reached the top 20 of the R&B charts. He also briefly rejoined the Jazz Messengers after his successor, Freddie Hubbard, joined another group. Together with John Gilmore, this lineup was filmed by the BBC for seminal jazz television program Jazz 625.

As the ’60s progressed, he recorded some twenty additional albums as a leader, and continued to record as a sideman on the albums of other artists, including Wayne Shorter’s Night Dreamer; Stanley Turrentine’s Mr. Natural; Freddie Hubbard’s The Night of the Cookers; Hank Mobley’s Dippin‘, A Caddy for Daddy, A Slice of the Top, Straight No Filter; Jackie McLean’s Jackknife and Consequence; Joe Henderson’s Mode for Joe; McCoy Tyner’s Tender Moments; Lonnie Smith’s Think and Turning Point; Elvin Jones‘ The Prime Element; Jack Wilson’s Easterly Winds; Reuben Wilson’s Love Bug; Larry Young’s Mother Ship; Lee Morgan and Clifford Jordan Live in Baltimore 1968; Andrew Hill’s Grass Roots; as well as on several albums with Art Blakey and the Jazz Messengers.

He became more politically involved in the last two years of his life, becoming one of the leaders of the Jazz and People’s Movement. The group demonstrated during the taping of talk and variety shows during 1970-71 to protest the lack of jazz artists as guest performers and members of the programs‘ bands. His working band during those last years featured reed players Billy Harper or Bennie Maupin, pianist Harold Mabern, bassist Jymie Merritt and drummers Mickey Roker or Freddie Waits. Maupin, Mabern, Merritt and Roker are featured on the well-regarded three-disc, Live at the Lighthouse, recorded during a two-week engagement at the Hermosa Beach club, California, in July 1970.

Morgan was killed in the early hours of February 19, 1972, at Slug’s Saloon, a jazz club in New York City’s East Village where his band was performing. Following an altercation between sets, Morgan’s common-law wife Helen More (a.k.a. Morgan) shot him. The injuries were not immediately fatal, but the ambulance was slow in arriving on the scene as the city had experienced heavy snowfall which resulted in extremely difficult driving conditions. They took so long to get there that Morgan bled to death. He was 33 years old. Helen Morgan was arrested and spent some time in prison before being released on parole. After her release, Helen Morgan returned to her native North Carolina and died there from a heart condition in March 1996.

Ступка, Франтишек

18 января 1879(1879-01-18)

Тедражице[d], Градек], Клатови, Пльзенский край, Чехия

24 ноября 1965(1965-11-24) (86 лет)

Прага, Чехия

 Чехия

педагог, дирижёр

скрипка

Народный умелец[d]

Франтишек Ступка (чеш. František Stupka, в России Франц Яковлевич Ступка; 18 января 1879 — 24 ноября 1965) — чешский скрипач и дирижёр. Заслуженный артист ЧССР (1954).

Окончил Пражскую консерваторию (1901), ученик Отакара Шевчика и Михаила Сербулова. В том же году отправился в Одессу, где занял пульт концертмейстера в оркестре Йозефа Прибика. С 1902 г. преподавал в Одесском училище Императорского Русского музыкального общества, в 1913 г. с его преобразованием в консерваторию получил звание профессора. Играл вторую скрипку в струнном квартете ИРМО, примариусами которого выступали Ярослав Коциан, Александр Фидельман или Василий Безекирский-младший. Дирижировал оркестром училища.

Вернувшись в Чехию, на протяжении нескольких десятилетий был одним из дирижёров Чешского филармонического оркестра, одновременно в 1924—1931 гг. вёл класс альта в Пражской консерватории. Затем в 1946—1956 гг. возглавлял Моравский филармонический оркестр. Одновременно в 1947—1951 гг. профессор дирижирования в Академии музыки имени Яначека в Брно. Известен, прежде всего, как интерпретатор классиков чешской музыки — Дворжака, Сметаны, Яначека. В 1928 г. на фестивале болгарской музыки в Праге дирижировал премьерой рапсодии Панчо Владигерова «Вардар». В записях остались Восьмая симфония Дворжака под управлением Ступки и его же виолончельный концерт (солист Андре Наварра).

Именем Ступки названы улицы в Праге и Оломоуце (чеш. Stupkova).

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